Uganda is one of the East African countries, which lies astride the equator. Most of it is a plateau of 900 -1,500 metres above sea level. It is bordered by five countries – Sudan in the north, Kenya in the east, Tanzania in the south, Rwanda in the southeast and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) in the west. Uganda is a landlocked country with a total surface area of 241,038 km2. Of this 43,941 km2 are under water and swamps. For administrative purposes, the country is subdivided into 127 districts.
The 1991 population census estimated the total population at 16.48 million, with 51% women and 49% men. The Uganda National Household Survey of 2003 estimated the population at 25 million with an average household size of 5 persons. A large proportion of this population is below 15 years of age. Uganda is predominantly a rural economy with approximately 88 percent of the population living in rural areas.
As of 1 January 2018, the population of Uganda was estimated to be 42,288,962 people. This is an increase of 3.26 % (1,335,493 people) compared to population of 40,953,469 the year before. In 2017 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 1,369,484. Due to external migration, the population declined by 33,991. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.000 (1,000 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2017.
During 2018 Uganda population is projected to increased by 1,379,043 people and reach 43,668,005 in the beginning of 2019. Now currently Uganda’s population has shot to 43,322,906.
Clarke International University (CIU) was born ten years ago as International Health Science University, set up by the International Medical Group (IMG), Uganda’s largest private health organisation. CIU recently set up the School of Business & Applied Technology, with a vision to develop Uganda’s capabilities to create export-oriented businesses.
Health Plants Of Uganda(HPOU) is an extension of IMG’s vision to promote sustainable health and welbeing which is not dependent on either aid or government support.
Uganda has an optimal climate and soil for the growth of a multitude of plants with health properties, some now well-known such as Avocado, Aloe Vera, Chia, but a large number known only to local village communities, and largely unknown in the world at large. HPOU seeks to change that.
Uganda also has about a $3 billion trade deficit, on imports of $5 billion. This is tied up with the reality of an economy highly dependent on aid. While we recognise that aid has its merits as one-off investment and catalyst for change, it is by definition not sustainable, and the resulting dependency culture undermines the country’s ability and will to develop its own capability in the global world of trade. As one of the world’s youngest and fastest growing populations, developing and utilising these capabilities is essential for Uganda’s future. HPOU seeks to be a major contributor to promoting trade in favour of aid.